UK public finances deteriorate further due to COVID-19
- Chief Market Strategist calls for a “great reset” of the global financial system
- New UK rules require businesses to be more transparent about dividends and executive bonuses
- UK public sector debt hits the worst level on record
- British pound to euro (GBP/EUR) exchange rate rallies above EUR 1.17
Chief Market Strategist at Longview Economics, Chris Watling, has called for a “great reset” to the global financial system.
In an article published by the Financial Times, Mr Watling noted that with the end of the COVID battle on the horizon and the global vaccination programme accelerating in pace, now is a good time for leading economies to devise a new international monetary order.
Chris Watling estimates that leading economies have acquired approximately USD 25TN (GBP 17.9TN) in total debt and that debt cancellation is needed to promote growth.
He suggested that policymakers from leading regions of the global economy should engage in negotiations and have an in-depth debate about the implications of bond yields and post-debt cancellation to construct a new financial system.
Chris Watling said that when establishing new international monetary order, it’s vital that policymakers include the possibility of recapitalising areas of the financial system.
Mr Watling went onto say that policymakers should implement a currency anchor to boost recovery, whether that involves tying local currencies to a digital asset or a specific type of electronic drawing right.
For years, central banks’ ability to create liquidity and new debt have been a significant source of economic inequality. Mr Watling insists that a liquidity anchor will resolve this issue by “healing divisions in western societies” and allow government bodies to become more reliant on productivity instead of debt.
His insight follows news that British business chiefs will be required to be more transparent about executive bonuses and dividends under new UK rules to crackdown on negligence.
New UK rules clampdown on dividends and executive bonuses
To reinforce the UK’s reputation as a world-leading destination for investment, Business Secretary Kwasi Kwarteng announced plans to crack down on the dominance of Britain’s “Big Four” audit firms – PwC, Deloitte KPMG and EY.
According to the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, Mr Kwarteng will require large businesses to be more transparent about their finances and reflect on the level of responsibility that comes with the position to safeguard jobs and avoid failures.
Under the new UK rules, businesses could face hefty fines for a breach of trust or, in severe cases, such as withholding financial information or creating the opportunity for fraud, regulators could enforce a suspension.
Firms may also be expected to include a statement in executives’ contracts declaring that any bonuses paid to them will have to be returned if the company collapses or failings are made within the two years the individual received the dividend or bonus.
Business Secretary Kwasi Kwarteng said that the reform would improve corporate reporting quality and strengthen large businesses’ long-term success, which will be crucial to the UK economy’s recovery.
The UK economy has been devastated by the coronavirus pandemic, and massive fiscal stimulus packages have been produced to combat the pandemic, which has pushed UK public sector debt further into the red.
UK public finances hit worst levels on record
On Friday, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) revealed the extent of damage COVID-19 had on UK public finances, with data showing that government borrowing hit GBP 19.1BN in February – the highest borrowing level for that month on record.
The ONS said public borrowing was up by GBP 17.6BN year-on-year in February and attributed the deficit to the UK government’s massive stimulus packages, with COVID job support schemes costing GBP 3.9BN alone last month.
According to the ONS, central government bodies also spent GBP 72.6BN running their daily activities, with total public sector debt rising to GBP 2.1TN for the first eleven months of 2020/21 fiscal year, equivalent to 97.5% of UK gross domestic product (GDP).
Chancellor Rishi Sunak responded to today’s figures, stating: “COVID-19 has triggered one of the largest economic shocks the UK has ever felt. He added: “The Budget details our plan to bring public finances to sustainable levels, but the Treasury’s GBP 352BN support package was the responsible thing to do to protect lives and livelihoods.”
However, Mr Sunak noted that the data confirms that the UK deficit is growing at a slower pace than expected, adding to optimism over the economy’s recovery outlook.
During Thursday’s Bank of England (BoE) policy meeting, policymakers stated that the UK economy could stage a rapid recovery this year and is in a better shape than previously forecasted despite the economic strains of the third national lockdown.
Although the Bank of England refrained from making an upward revision to their growth predictions, they said that the UK’s rapid vaccine rollout had placed the country on track for a robust rebound.
Confidence in the UK economy’s recovery outlook has been reinforced by better-than-expected UK GDP data for January and rising business and consumer confidence.
The UK central bank is set to give a full assessment of its outlook for the UK economy in May. Given that policymakers said they expect inflation to hit its 2% target “swiftly” and shrugged off concerns about rising borrowing costs, investors should remain optimistic.
UK consumer confidence data out on Friday has also shown “green shoots” of recovery, which has offered pound Sterling (GBP) a boost in currency markets.
British pound to euro pair hits EUR 1.17
Pound Sterling (GBP) climbed to some of its best level against the euro (EUR) in over a year on Friday, rallying to EUR 1.1715 in the wake of Gfk’s consumer confidence report.
While the British pound to euro (GBP/EUR) exchange rate has retreated during midday trade, the currency pair remains elevated at EUR 1.1695.
According to GfK, UK consumer confidence was boosted by a 7 point jump in March, up from -23 in February to -16, beating consensus expectations of a rise to -20.
The UK’s rapid COVID vaccine rollout and UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s lockdown exit roadmap are being cited as the reason for renewed confidence, with households’ view of their future finances far more optimistic than at the start of the year.
GfK’s client strategy director, Joe Staton, said: “If this improved mood translates into spending, it might help reverse some of the economic damage the UK has suffered.”
Gfk’s Consumer Confidence Index correlates with comments from Bank of England Governor Andrew Bailey, who said he saw “upside risks” to the central banks economic projections.
Policymakers also signalled a possible upgrade to growth forecasts at the BoE’s next meeting. The minutes, combined with the UK’s progressive vaccination rollout and declining COVID cases, should ensure the British pound vs euro (GBP/EUR) cross grinds higher.
However, the British pound to US dollar (GBP/USD) exchange rate, which is currently trading flat at USD 1.391, could remain under pressure as rising yields have made the greenback more appealing as of late.
News of a vaccine shortage could also trigger some choppy behaviour in GBP exchange rates, albeit most analysts believe any weakness endured will be temporary due to the UK’s improved recovery narrative.
Many economists expect pent-up demand will unleash a spending boom when lockdown restrictions are lifted, and shops, bars and restaurants reopen.
BoE Chief Economist Andy Haldane reiterated his expectations for the economy on Thursday, stating, “I do think more likely than not we are set for a rapid-fire recovery. I think that is coming soon.”