is a file management system that was introduced by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) on 1st
January 2015. The Express Entry system applies to the whole of Canada, except Quebec. A candidate must use Express Entry if they want to apply under the:
- Federal Skilled Worker Programme
- Federal Skilled Trades Programme
- Canadian Experience Class Express Entry Provincial Nominee programme.
Candidates will submit their applications electronically/online and will be measured by a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).
Potential candidates will complete an online profile, and a score will be generated. Different scores will be generated depending on whether a candidate has a spouse or not. The candidate will be placed in a pool and will be ranked against others in the pool.
Candidates will be ranked based on:
- Human Capital Factors (age, education, language, Canadian work experience) and Spouse/Common-law Partner Factors (if applicable) = 500 points maximum
- Skill Transferability Factors (combination of language, education and work experience) = 100 points maximum
- Arranged Employment/Provincial Nomination = 600 points maximum
Only the highest-ranked candidates, and those with qualifying offers of arranged employment or
Express Entry provincial/territorial nominations, will be issued an Invitation to Apply (ITA)
for permanent residence. Draws will be held regularly. There is no minimum threshold but CIC will post the low point score / range when they do the draws.
If a candidate does not have Arranged Employment
then they must register with Job Match
to connect with eligible Canadian employers. The Job Match profile is linked to the candidate’s Express Entry profile.
The principal applicant must do a language test for their Express Entry
profile to be complete; the spouse should also do a language test if extra points are to be claimed. There are different thresholds depending on application category.
Accepted English tests are as follows: www.celpiptest.ca
Only general test results will be accepted. To claim points for French, the Test d’Evaluation Français (TEF)
needs to be completed. www.francais.cci-paris-idf.fr
The principal applicant will also need to get an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA)
done by an authorised body for their non-Canadian education credentials if they are submitting an application under the Federal Skilled Worker Category
. It is suggested that an ECA is done for other categories (by both the principal applicant and the spouse) in order for points to be claimed in the CRS. Authorised assessing bodies are listed on the CIC website www.cic.gc.ca
A candidate may receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA)
and will then have 60 days to submit their full application. If no ITA is received then the candidate will be in the pool for 12 months, and will then have 60 days to renew their candidate profile. It is expected that the processing time, after receipt of the full application, will be six months.
Federal skilled worker programme (FSWP)
Applications for the FSWP are managed via Express Entry – so an Express Entry profile will need to be created as the first step. An applicant will need to meet the requirements of the FSWP and will also need to meet the threshold of Express Entry, in order to be given an Invitation to Apply.
The FSWP selects immigrants based on their ability to succeed economically in Canada. It used to be known as the ‘points system’ - this is because it measures applicants using a selection grid worth up to 100 points. The current pass mark remains at 67. Each applicant is awarded points for various factors - official language ability, age, education, work experience, employment already arranged in Canada, and adaptability (such as previous work experience or education acquired in Canada).